Whenever we go to the doctor, the first thing the nurse does it take our vital signs. This is before we even see the doctor and before anyone examines us. Why are our vital signs so important? Our vital signs play an important role in our health and, when we go to the doctor, he or she will use this data to determine your current health and if there is anything they should change in our care plan.
Vital signs aren’t just important at the doctor’s office. They are a part of who you are every day and they can affect your overall health if one or more of the vitals aren’t within range.
- Help Doctors and Caregivers Assess Our Physical Health
- Give Clues To Possible Diseases
- Show Progress Toward Recovery
Although the normal ranges for our vital signs can vary with age, weight, gender, and overall health, there are still some basic parameters that healthcare professionals look for.
The main vital signs that are examined include Blood Pressure, Heart Rate, Respiratory Rate, SPO2, Temperature and weight and it is important to keep track of all of these all at once.
Let’s take a look at these vital signs and see what the normal average rates are.
The normal vital sign parameters for an average healthy adult at rest should be:
Blood pressure: 90/60 mm Hg to 120/80 mm Hg.
Heart Rate: 60 to 100 beats per minute.
Respiratory Rate: 12 to 18 breaths per minute.
SpO2, or Pulse oximetry: blood oxygen saturation levels should be 94% to 99%.
Temperature: 97.8°F to 99.1°F (36.5°C to 37.3°C)/average 98.6°F (37°C)
Weight: doctors and other health care professionals will use this data, as well as your height, to calculate your BMI (Body Mass Index) to determine if you are underweight, overweight or obese or if your weight is at a normal level.
Why is it important for medical professionals to keep track of all of your vital signs all at once? The reason for this is that many of them are closely related and if one is outside the normal parameters, it could have a detrimental effect on the others and your health.
Even at home, we should monitor our vital signs on occasion to ensure that we are healthy and within the recommended parameters. There is a wide range of at-home monitoring devices and smartphone apps that make it easy to monitor our vitals and be aware of any changes that we might experience.
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